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Cardiac and Thoracic Surgery

What Services Do We Provide?

Thoracic surgery focuses on treatment for diseases of the chest (thorax), including coronary artery disease and heart valve and vessel abnormalities. Cardiac and thoracic surgery specialists diagnose and treat a variety of conditions. Common procedures include:

Contact the Mercy Heart and Vascular Institute: 641.494.5300

Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

Mason City Clinic | Cardiac & Thoracic SurgeryCoronary artery bypass surgery is performed on over a half-million Americans each year to circumvent atherosclerotic (fat- and cholesterol-clogged) arteries that are failing to supply the heart with sufficient oxygen and nutrients. When blocked arteries reduce or cut off blood supply to the heart, a condition known as ischemic heart disease, or coronary artery disease (CAD), develops and can result in chest pain or a heart attack. Bypass surgery creates a new route around the blocked vessel or vessels to maintain the proper flow of blood and prevent these problems.

Risks and complications of bypass surgery include reactions to anesthesia, post-pericardiotomy syndrome involving treatable fever and chest pain (30% of surgeries), heart attack (5%), stroke (5%), blood clots, infection (1%-4%) and death (1%-2%). Normal postsurgical discomfort may take the form of itching, soreness, numbness, bruising, swelling, memory loss and bleeding.


Heart Valve Replacement and Repair

Close to 1 million heart valve operations are performed in the United States each year, and nearly all of these operations are done to repair or replace heart valves. The success rate of heart valve replacement/repair is very high, and advances in surgical treatment of diseased heart valves can pinpoint with great accuracy the location, type and extent of valve disease.

What is heart valve replacement/repair?

Valve repair can be done by using a ring to support a person’s diseased valve, using tissue patches to cover holes or tears in the valve or removing calcium buildup from the valve. An artificial valve may be mechanical or biological. Sometimes a patient’s own tissue can be used for heart valve replacement.

Procedure

The average time required for heart valve surgery is four hours. Your heart valve surgery will be performed by a specialized team. In traditional heart valve replacement/repair surgery, the patient’s vital functions will be fully supported by a cardiopulmonary bypass pump (or a “heart-lung machine”), which takes over the function of the heart and lungs, blood circulation and oxygen content of the body.

Postsurgery/recovery

You can expect to stay in the hospital for about a week, including at least one to three days in the intensive care unit (lCU) to monitor your heart, blood pressure, respiration and other bodily functions. Necessary medication will be prescribed by your physician and postoperative care, including incision care, nutrition, exercise and diet, will be discussed at length. It is important that patients take an active role in educating themselves about the limitations, if any, that heart valve replacement/repair will place on their unique lives.


Mitral Valve Surgery

Mitral valve surgery is an open-heart procedure used to correct defects of the mitral valve, the opening between the upper and lower left chambers of the heart that lets blood flow through and keeps it from leaking back into the lungs. The valve opens and closes with the help of two flaps, or leaflets.

Mitral valve surgery aims to either repair or replace the damaged valve, depending on the severity of the condition. Repair is preferred over replacement because it offers longer-lasting results and lower risk of complications, maintains a higher level of functioning and eliminates the need for lifelong blood-thinning medication. Both surgeries are open-heart procedures that require a large incision in the chest to reach the heart. Minimally invasive techniques are available but not recommended for all patients. These procedures require a hospital stay and a full recovery time of several weeks.

Why Us?

Board-certified in both general surgery and thoracic/cardiovascular surgery, our specialist has over 25 years of experience and extensive medical training, providing patients at Mason City Clinic with state-of-the-art care for their comprehensive surgical needs. He completed a fellowship in cardiac surgery at the prestigious Cleveland Clinic Foundation and has held several leadership positions within MCC’s Mercy Heart Center and in the Iowa Society of Thoracic Surgeons. He delivers compassionate, patient-centered care and convenience right here in Mason City.

To learn more about our cardiac and thoracic services, please call 641.494.5300 today or use our online form to schedule an appointment. Our cardiac and thoracic surgery patients come to us from Albert Lea, Algona, Charles City, Iowa Falls, Mason City, New Hampton and nearby areas.

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